Universal Networking Language:
Advances in Theory and Applications


Jesús Cardeñosa, Alexander Gelbukh, Edmundo Tovar (Eds.)
with prologue by
Carolina Gallardo Pérez

Special issue of Research on Computing Science, ISSN 1665-9899.

IPN, 2005, 443 pp.
ISBN 970-36-0226-6

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Abstract: Universal Networking Language (UNL) is an interlingua-based framework aimed to facilitate semantic processing of natural language by a computer. Its main applications cover not only in machine translation and other natural language processing tasks, but also in a wide variety of applications ranging from e learning platforms to management of multilingual document bases. Such a variety of applications, their theoretical basis and subsequent methodological inquiries are at core of this volume. The UNL initiative is a research project supported by the Institute of Advanced Studies of the University of the United Nations University. It currently supports 15 languages. This volume compiles the most significant research papers on UNL and illustrates all open lines of research within the UNL initiative. It includes a detailed introduction in the topic and research papers devoted to fundamentals, applications, and methodologies of the UNL research. The volume is useful for UNL experts as well as for researchers and students in natural language processing, computational linguistics, and related areas.

Among other papers, the book contains several selected papers from CICLing-2005 UNL Workshop.









A Rationale for Using UNL as an Interlingua and More in Various Domains (abstract, full)

Christian Boitet

Standardization of the Generation Process in a Multilingual Environment (abstract, full)

Jesús Cardeñosa, Carolina Gallardo and Edmundo Tovar




The UNL Distinctive Features: Inferences from a NL-UNL Enconverting Task (abstract, full)

Ronaldo Teixeira Martins, Lúcia Helena Machado Rino,
Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes, Osvaldo Novais Oliveira Jr.

Issues in Generating Text from Interlingua Representations (abstract, full)

Stephan Busemann

On the Aboutness of UNL (abstract, full)

Ronaldo Teixeira Martins, Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes

A Comparative Evaluation of unl Participant Relations using a Five-Language Parallel Corpus (abstract, full)

Brian Murphy and Carl Vogel

Some Controversial Issues of UNL: Linguistic Aspects (abstract, full)

Igor Boguslavsky

Some Lexical Issues of UNL (abstract, full)

Igor Boguslavsky

The Representation of Complex Telic Predicates in Wordnets:
The Case of Lexical-Conceptual Structure Deficitary Verbs (abstract
, full)

Palmira Marrafa

Remaining Issues that Could Prevent UNL to be Accepted as a Standard (abstract, full)

Gilles Sérasset and Étienne Blanc

Semantic Analysis through Ant Algorithms, Conceptual Vectors and Fuzzy UNL Graphs (abstract, full)

Mathieu Lafourcade

Term-Based Ontology Alignment (abstract, full)

Virach Sornlertlamvanich, Canasai Kruengkrai, Shisanu Tongchim,
Prapass Srichaivattana, and Hitoshi Isahara

Universal Networking Language: A Tool for Language Independent Semantics? (abstract, full)

Amitabha Mukerjee, Achla M Raina, Kumar Kapil, Pankaj Goyal, Pushpraj Shukla




About and Around the French Enconverter and the French Deconverter (abstract, full)

Étienne Blanc

A UNL Deconverter for Chinese (abstract, full)

Xiaodong Shi, Yidong Chen

Flexibility, Configurability and Optimality in UNL Deconversion via Multiparadigm Programming (abstract, full)

Jorge Marques Pelizzoni, Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes

Arabic Generation in the Framework of the Universal Networking Language (abstract, full)

Daoud Maher Daoud

Development of the User Interface Tools for Creation of National Language Modules (abstract, full)

Tigran Grigoryan, Vahan Avetisyan

Universal Networking Language Based Analysis and Generation for Bengali Case Structure Constructs (abstract, full)

Kuntal Dey, Pushpak Bhattacharyya

Interactive Enconversion by Means of the Etap-3 System (abstract, full)

Igor M. Boguslavsky, Leonid L. Iomdin and Victor G. Sizov

Prepositional Phrase Attachment and Interlingua (abstract, full)

Rajat Kumar Mohanty, Ashish Francis Almeida, and Pushpak Bhattacharyya

Hermeto: A NL–UNL Enconverting Environment (abstract, full)

Ronaldo Martins, Ricardo Hasegawa and M. Graças V.  Nunes

A Platform for Experimenting UNL (Universal Networking Language) (abstract, full)

Wang-Ju TSAI

A Framework for the Development of Universal Networking Language E-Learning User Interfaces (abstract, full)

Alejandro Martins, Gabriela Tissiani and Ricardo Miranda Barcia

A WEB Platform Using UNL: CELTA’s Showcase (abstract, full)

Lumar Bértoli Jr., Rodolfo Pinto da Luz and Rogério Cid Bastos

Studies of Emotional Expressions in Oral Dialogues towards an Extension of Universal Networking Language (abstract, full)

Mutsuko Tomokiyo, Gérard Chollet, Solange Hollard

An XML-UNL Model for Knowledge-Based Annotation (abstract, full)

Jesús Cardeñosa, Carolina Gallardo and Luis Iraola

A Pivot XML-Based Architecture for Multilingual, Multiversion Documents:
Parallel Monolingual Documents Aligned Through a Central Correspondence Descriptor and Possible Use of UNL (abstract
, full)

Najeh Hajlaoui, Christian Boitet

UCL - Universal Communication Language (abstract, full)

Carlos A. Estombelo-Montesco and Dilvan A. Moreira

Knowledge Engineering Suite:
A Tool to Create Ontologies for an Automatic Knowledge Representation in Intelligent Systems (abstract
, full)

Tânia C. D. Bueno, Hugo C. Hoeschl, Andre Bortolon, Eduardo S. Mattos, Cristina Santos, Ricardo M. Barcia

Using Semantic Information to Improve Case Retrieval in Case-Based Reasoning Systems (abstract, full)

J. Akshay Iyer and Pushpak Bhattacharyya

Facilitating Communication Between Languages  and Cultures: a Computerized Interface and Knowledge Base (abstract, full)

Claire-Lise Mottaz Jiang, Gabriela Tissiani, Gilles Falquet, Rodolfo Pinto da Luz

Using WordNet for linking UWs to the UNL UW System (abstract, full)

Luis Iraola

Automatic Generation of Multilingual Lexicon by Using Wordnet (abstract, full)

Nitin Verma and Pushpak Bhattacharyya




Gradable Quality Translations Through Mutualization of Human Translation and Revision,
and UNL-Based MT and Coedition (abstract
, full)

Christian Boitet

Towards a systematic process in the use of UNL to support multilingual services (abstract, full)

Jesús Cardeñosa, Carolina Gallardo, Edmundo Tovar

Knowledge Representation Issues and Implementation of Lexical Data Bases (abstract, full)

F. Sáenz and A. Vaquero


Author Index